The energy that is contained inside plants and animals is known as biomass energy. This basically includes organic matter of all kinds: manure, twigs, leaves, manure and organic waste. Combustion of these biomass products helps us attain biomass energy.
Biogas energy accounts for about 1/3 of the total fuel used in India. It is used in around 90% of rural households and around 15% of urban households. It is used widely for purposes like cooking, mechanical applications, pumping, power generation and transportation. Some of the types of biomass are:
a. Field and plantation biomass
b. Industrial biomass
c. Forest biomass
d. Urban waste biomass
e. Aquatic biomass
Biomass energy information : Biomass energy is generated is organic matter derived from living, or recently living people.
It does not lead to emission of harmful gases.
It is an abundant source of energy.
It is form of energy that can be generated even at an individual level in households because it does not require extensive infratructure requirements like the other sources of energy.
It can turn waste into something productive and useful.
It is a veratile form of energy which can be generated by using a varied range of resources.
It is inefficient, as compared to the other sources of energy.
Combustion of biomass products requires some land where they can be easily burnt.
Although it does not lead to emission of gases like carbon dioxide, it relases methane gas which can prove to be harmful.
It is difficult to store and transport the biogas produced.